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    Object and Scope of Surveying

    Surveying is the technology of making scientific measurements on the earth surface in order to have desirable end product such as earth and various kinds of maps. Surveying measurements are essential to layout any construction work such as roads, railways, canals, underground structures (tunnels, pipelines, cable lines) overhead system (Electric transmission, light communication lines), mining […] More

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    Fundamental Requirements of a Good Building

    Basic requirements of a building should fulfill the physical, emotional, biological, social and cultural needs of the person who are going to occupy there. A good building has following fundamental requirements. Strength and Stability Building should be capable of transferring the expected loads in its life period safely to the ground. Design of various structural […] More

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    Nanotechnology in Civil Engineering

    Nanotechnology in Civil Engineering, Nanotechnology is an enabling technology that allows us to develop materials with improved or totally new properties” It is rather an extension of the sciences and technologies already developed for many years ,to examine the nature of our world at an ever smaller scale. Nanotechnology is the use of very small particles of […] More

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    112-Year-Old Utah Church Lifted 40 Feet Above Ground Without Moving an Inch

    A building weighing seven million pounds currently appears to be floating in mid-air in Provo City, Utah. The huge exterior walls of the century-old temple rest on 40-foot-high stilts, which make the building appear to be as light as a paper mock-up. The building was damaged in a 2010 fire, and it’s now being restored and converted into a Mormon […] More

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    Bidder Evaluation Criteria

    Construction companies are looking into a project often collect bids from several contractors. They are looking for the best price, technical content, and commercial consideration, should be made so that the best available offering is chosen for award. The Contracting authority needs to determine early on how it select the wining bidder. the bidder must be determined responsible as follows. Prequalification […] More

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    Abbreviations

    Abbreviations Quantity Surveyors often use standard abbreviations in the bills of quantities and take off list. it is used to save space and time spent in entering items. The following abbreviations posed Abbreviation Description agg aggregate av average ab as before abd as before described adj adjoining/adjustment acc accordance a/r all round alum aluminium bk […] More