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    Steel Frame Construction Process

    Steel frame construction, in which a skeleton framework of structural steel supports the walls, floors, and roofs, is commonly used today in commercial and industrial buildings not only in small one or two story office buildings and shopping malls. The steel component known as the structural “C” is the predominant shape for framing floors, walls, […] More

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    Type of Structural Loads

    Loads are external forces acting on a structure. Stresses are the internal forces that resist the loads.  The following are the loads forces and stresses to be considered in designing super structures of building, bridges and culverts. More

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    Steel Structure Design methods

    Steel structure may be design three methods.Elastic design Plastic design Limit sate designElastic design is the traditional method. Steel is almostperfectly elastic up to the yield point and elastic theory is a very goodmethod on which ton base design. More

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    Industrial Building Systems

    Industrial Building Systems are those structures used by anindustry; this can be of any type ranging from salt and sand to those manufacturingof heavy equipment. Generally at leasta part and in most cases the entire area is of one storey height. More

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    Tension Membrane Structures

    Tension membrane structures offer an aesthetic,  practical, and cost-effective way to provideroofing to either new or existing areas. These shade  supporting structures have been put into usefor most  part of the twentieth centuryand have found wide  spread applicationsincluding, More

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    Why Tension Membrane Structures?

    The semi-translucent nature of fabric structures is what makes them a favourite with engineers and architects looking for roofing systems to cover large areas, such as sports stadia or terminals. Fabric structures help in increasing the sustainability quotient of a building in more ways than one. The fabric allows for entry of natural light, while […] More

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    Structural Steel Fire Protection

    Fire Resistance Rating for loadbearing (structural) elements is defined as: “the ability of the structural element to withstand the effects of a defined fire (e.g. hydrocarbon time/ temperature profile) for a specified time without loss of the loadbearing function of structural members.” Fire Resistance Rating for loadbearing elements is described by defining the following: the structural […] More

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    Light Gauge Steel Construction System

    Light gauge steel has been used in the construction industry in the developed countries for the last few decades, mainly for non-load bearing interior partition walls in high-rise buildings constructed in reinforced concrete or structural steel. It is also very widely used in commercial buildings interior partitions. The use of LGS load-bearing studs and components […] More

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    Basic Structural Symbols and abbreviations part i

    Aggregate ————————————aggBitumen ————————————–bitBlock work ———————————–blkBrick work ———————————–bwkBuilding ————————————-bldgColumn —————————————colConcrete ————————————-concDam proof course/membrane ——— dpc/dpm Drawing——————————- drgElevation ———————————- ELFoundation —————————– fdsFull size ————————- FSSetting out point ———————- SOPSetting out line ————————– SOLNear face——————————- NFFar face ——————————- FFEach face ——————————- EFEach way ——————————- EWCenters ——————————— crsCentre to centre ——————– c/c Finishing floor level ———————- FFLStructural floor level […] More